The Dutch were the second Europeans, after the Portuguese, to arrive in modern day Ghana. The Dutch possessed 32 out of 80 forts and castles along the Gold Coast including Fort Metal Cross at Dixcove, Busua home to King Badu Bonsu II.
In 1837, King Badu Bonsu II, ruler of the Ahanta tribe in Busua, Western Region of Ghana rebelled against the colonial Dutch government and killed Dutch emissaries, including the acting governor. Using the Treaty of Butre, the Dutch sent a military expeditionary force to fight the Ahanta. In the war that followed, the king was captured, sentenced for murder, hanged, and beheaded.
Following the execution of King Badu Bonsu, his head was taken to the Netherlands where it disappeared for almost 170 years in the Leiden University Medical Center. After his remains were found in 2005, Dutch government officials announced that they would return his remains to Ghana in March 2009. In July 2009, Bonsu’s remains were returned to home.